PTE写作常见语法错误


相比雅思托福,写作是PTE考试重要得分项。尤其是PTE机器阅卷的形式,会少了很多阅卷老师主观的打分,从而更容易获得高分。但机器阅卷又有一些特点,就是对于拼写、语法更为重视。拼写我们在此不做多说,今天来聊一聊PTE写作常见语法错误有哪些。
 

PTE写作常见语法错误一:将动词做主语
 

出现这个问题往往是中式表达的缘故,考生将中文意思直接翻译成了英文
 

错例: 保护环境人人有责

Protect the environment is each individual's responsibility.

 

这个句子里面,protect the environment 变成了主语。当想用动词作为主语的时候,请将动词变成动名词形式,例如:
 

Protecting the environment is each individual's responsibility.
 

PTE写作常见语法错误二:句子中有多个动词
 

出现这种问题的原因往往是因为中式思维在作怪,用中文翻成英语写作而忽视了英语的语法要求
 

错例:Students receive job training can become competitive in the labour market;
 

这个句子中出现了两个动词, receive 和 can become. 注意一个句子中应该有且只有一个谓语动词。
 

改正:应该添加一个从句结构。
 

Students who receive job training can become competitive in the labour market;
 

Students can become competitive in the labour market if they receive skills training.
 


 

PTE写作常见语法错误三:There be 句型中谓语没有随其后名词改变
 

这类问题其实也算是主谓不一致问题
 

错例:There is a number of countries which know that they will soon be underwater if global warming is permitted to continue.
 

There be 句式中 be动词的形式要跟后面跟的名词的具体单复数形式而变化。这里There be 结构中的主语是countries, 所以谓语动词要用are.
 

改正:There are a number of countries which know that they will soon be underwater if global warming is permitted to continue.
 

PTE写作常见语法错误四:主谓不一致
 

有时在SWT中大家要会写一些比较复杂的句式,例如插入成分或同谓语成分。在写作的过程当中,每每遇到以上几种情况的时候,回头重新找到句子的主语是最重要的。
 

例如:Thomas Edison, one of the most distinguished scientists, is a brilliant inventor.这里在写完第二个逗号的时候,就应该回过头来看看主语Thomas Edison是单数的第三人称,而不能被插入成分中的scientists所蒙蔽。所以这里的谓语要用is 而不是are.
 

错例:Cardiopathy, coupled with poor diet, lead to severe diabetes.
 

这就话中主语为cardiopathy, 谓语应该为单三形式。
 

改正:Cardiopathy, coupled with poor diet, leads to severe diabetes.
 

PTE写作常见语法错误五 不及物动词和系动词写了被动语态
 

happen, appear, disappear, rise, emerge, occur, take place 这些词都没有被动语态
 

错例:The accident was similar to the one that was happened last year;
 

改正:The accident was similar to the one that happened last year.
 

PTE写作常见语法错误六:丢失冠词
 

俗称“名词裸奔”,意思为一个可数名词前面既没有加冠词后面也没有用复数形式
 

错例:A part-time job offers you chance to demonstrate your ability and apply what you have learned in school.
 

改正:A part-time job offers you a chance to demonstrate your ability and apply what you have learned in school.
 

PTE写作常见语法错误七:词性混淆
 

一些英语基础比较薄弱的考生往往会出现这个问题
 

错例:A large number of people hold the believe that students' social activities should be the first priority.
 

改正:A large number of people hold the belief that students' social activities should be the first priority.
 

这个例子中believe是动词,belief才是名词形式。虽然发音相近,但是用法却完全不同。

以上就是PTE写作常见语法错误的系列问题,希望大家多多注意,不要再在语法问题上丢分啦!

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